Bronchiolitis is a respiratory infection accompanied by inflammation and údema in the tiny airways called bronchioles. This infection is usually caused by a virus known as RSV (respiratory syncytial virus).
Bronchiolitis is frequently observed in newborns or babies not yet one year old. This infection is especially prevalent during the fall and winter.
- The infant has trouble breathing
- Respiration is slow and wheezing
- Coughing, nasal discharge, sneezing, fever
- Loss of appetite and fatigue
- Nasal discharge, colds or coryza
- Coughing and sneezing
- Unclean hands, soiled objects
The treatment varies depending on the symptoms. The illness gradually resolves on its own over a period of 3 to 10 days. The following may be used:
- Acetaminophen (to alleviate the fever)
- Occasionally, bronchodilators in syrop or aerosol form
- Clapping on the thorax (if recommended by the physician) to clear the bronchial tubes.
- Respiratory distress often requiring hospitalisation, especially among infants not yet 3 months old
- Bronchiolitis may cause asthma.
Interactive server on air, respiration and lung disease Bronchiolite.net